To Whom Do I Pray

To Whom Do I Pray (Front view), 2005
Bronze, Cor-ten steel 
76” x 23½” x 15” 
Photo: Maggie Nimkin

To Whom Do I Pray (Back view)
Photo: Maggie Nimkin


“To Whom Do I Pray” breaks down people’s boundaries by stating that praying is a fundamental need, practiced even by those who question the existence of deity. The need to pray unites different people, and thus, it enhances tolerance. The movement is inspirational. But praying is never free of stress. The Corten steel column, on which the arms rise, cuts into their skin.   

The power of praying is reinforced by the sculpture’s other elements. The triangular negative space between the hands joins the trapezoid-shaped column to form a flame, and the relationship between the bronze and the rusting steel, increases the sculpture’s overall dynamics.